球探体育

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佛像的起源

球探体育 FABUSHIJIAN:2019-08-22 17:04 | FANGWENCISHU:1670

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佛像的始创

我们在佛寺里,都会看到很多大大小小的造像,心里总不免发生疑问:这些造像是什么时候始创的呢?是雕塑家对着佛、菩萨塑造的吗?还是参照相片来铸造的呢?

寺庙佛堂观音菩萨铜雕佛像

寺庙佛堂观音菩萨铜雕佛像

GENJU《AHANJING》DEJIZAI,DANGSHIZUNZAISHIDESHIHOU,JIJINGYOULIANGZUOZAOXIANG。JUSHUOSHIZUNDAOTIANSHANGWEIMUHOUMOYEFURENSHUOFASHI,JIAOSHANGMIGUODEYOUTIANWANGYUSHEWEICHENGDEBOSINIWANG,DOUYINWEISHIZUNDEYUANLIERRIYESINIAN,LIANGGUODEDACHENKANLE,XINZHONGBUREN,YUSHIYONGTANXIANGMUHEHUANGJIN,DIAOZHILELIANGZUOSHENGAOWUCHIDESHIZUNXIANG,ZHEISHIFOXIANGDESHICHUANG。DANSHISUIHOUDEJIGESHIJI,ZAOXIANGDEFENGQIBINGBUPUJI。FOJIAOTUJINYIZHONGZHIPUTISHULAIBIAOSHIFOTUODECHENGDAO;DIAOKELIANHUAZUO、ZUYIN、FALUNLAIJINIANFOTUODELILINSHUOFA;HUOZHEJIANZAOSHELITALAIDAONIANFOTUODENIEPANBALE。

黄铜释迦牟尼佛

黄铜释迦牟尼佛

造像的流行

球探体育 ZHIZHIXIYUANERSHIJIZUOYOU,YINDUYOUYUSHOUDAOWAILAIWENHUADECHONGJI,ZAOXIANGDEFENGQIRIJIANLIUXING,QITADEFO、PUSA、ALUOHANNAIZHIHUFASHENYICHENGWEIDIAOSUDEDUIXIANG,TICAIGENGJIAFENGFU。YOUYUZHEIXIESUXIANGKEYIMANZUXINTUXINLINGSHANGDEXUYAO,YINCIZAIZONGJIAOYISHILI,JINGCHANGDOUBANYANZHEZHONGYAODEJIAOSE。HOULAIZHEIZHONGFENGQISUIZHEFOJIAODECHUANBO,SANBUDAOSHIJIEGEDIQU,ZAIZHIZUOSHANGYOUHENDADEFAZHAN,YOUYONGMUSHIDIAOKEDE,YOUYONGJINSHUZHUZAODE,YOUYONGTAOCISHAOZHIDE,YEYOUHUIHUAZAIZHI、JUANSHANGDE,YANGYIZHEGECHUDEDIFANGSECAI。

佛像的形貌

球探体育 HOURENDANGRANBUKENENGDUIZHEFOTUOBENRENHUOZHETADEZHAOPIANLAISUZAO,ZHIYOUYIJUJINGDIANSUOJIZAIDETEZHENG,ZAIANZHAODIAOSUJIAZIJIDEXIANGXIANGGOUSICHULAI,SUOYIFOXIANGDEXINGMAOHETEZHENG,DOUSUIZHESHIDAIHEDIYUDEBUTONGERYOUFENBIE。BUGUO,FOTUOJIRANSHIYOUDUOSHENGDUOSHIXIUXINGZHENGGUODE,ZIRANJUYOUZHUANGYANMIAOXIANG,JUJINGDIANSUOJIZAI,TAYOUSANSHIERXIANGHEBASHIZHONGHAO。

造像的识别

SANSHIERXIANGHEBASHIZHONGHAODOUSHIZHUFODEGONGTONGTEZHENG,DANCONGXINGMAO,SHIZAIWUFABIANBIE。DIAOSUJIAZHIHAOGENJUJINGDIAN,YONGBUTONGDEBIAOZHILAISUZAOGEZHONGZUNXIANG。YOUQISHIZAOXIANGDESHOUSHI,GENGYOUYANGEDEGUIDING,ZHIXUYAOCHAKANSHUANGSHOUDEWEIZHI、SHOUZHIDEQUSHEN、SUOCHIDEWUJIANHECHUANDAIDEFUSHI,BIANKEYIBIANSHICHUZHEIZAOXIANGSHISHIJIAMOUNIFO、AMITUOFO、YAOSHIFOHAISHIDIZANGPUSALE。

ZHEIZHONGSHOUHEZHIXIANDESHOUSHI,FOJIAOCHENGWEI「SHOUYIN」,RUGUOBUDONGZHEIXIEXINGMAOBIAOZHI,BIANNANYISHIBIEZHUFO、PUSAZAOXIANGDEZUNHAOLE。

中国的佛窟

佛教自西汉末年传来中国,而塑造佛像却在南北朝才开始。北朝开凿了敦煌、云岗、球探体育门三大佛窟,塑造了无数大大小小的佛像。到了隋、唐,佛教的传播辉煌灿烂,造像的风气更日益普及了。

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