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扁鹊──中国古代医学的奠基人

球探体育 FABUSHIJIAN:2019-09-02 17:08 | FANGWENCISHU:1444

扁鹊(公元前407-公元前310),秦国人,春秋战国时期的著名医学家。古今中外,很多人听说过扁鹊,却不知扁鹊其实只是一个绰号,他的真正姓名叫秦越人。他为什麽被称为“扁鹊”呢?有一种说法,此绰号的由来可能与《禽经》中“灵鹊兆喜”的说法有关。因为医生治病救人,走到哪里,就为那里带去安康,如同翩翩飞翔的喜鹊,飞到哪里,就给那里带来喜讯。因此,古人习惯把那些医术高明的医生称为扁鹊。

古代名医扁鹊铜雕

古代名医扁鹊铜雕

LINGYIZHONGSHUOFA,SHISHANGGUSHENHUAZHONGDEHUANGDIYOUYIWEISHENYIJIAO“BIANQUE”。QINYUERENYISHUGAOCHAO,KEKANWEISHENYI。ERQIETAZAIMINJIANXINGYI,ZUJIBIANJIQI、ZHAO、WEI、ZHENG、QINZHUGUO,ZHENXINSHIYIDIWEIRENMINJIECHUJIBINGDETONGKU,MINGSHENGCHUANBIANTIANXIA。YINCI,RENMENJIEYONG“BIANQUE”DEMINGHAOLAICHENGHUTA。JIANJIANDE,DAJIABIANWANGQUELETADEZHENMING。

铸铜孙思邈铜雕

铸铜孙思邈铜雕

扁鹊的生平多姿多彩,他的许多事迹至今仍被人们津津乐道。对于扁鹊生平最详尽的记载当属《史记》。《史记·扁鹊仓公列传》用2,000馀字记录了扁鹊的一生,其中详细记录了扁鹊在晋国为晋昭公的权臣赵简子,在虢国为虢国太子,和齐国为齐桓公看病这三件事。这几个事件不仅充分展示了扁鹊出神入化的医术,更是他对中国古代医学作出伟大贡献的凭证。司球探体育迁曾高度评价扁鹊:“扁鹊言医,为方者宗。守数精明,后世修(循)序,弗能易也。”

切脉诊断

BIANQUEDAOLEJINGUO,ZHENGPENGDAOLEJINGUOQINGXIANGZHAOJIANZIYOUYU“ZHUANGUOSHI”,YONGNAOGUODU,TURANHUNDAO,YIWUTIANBUSHENGRENSHILE。ZHUWEIDARENSHIFENHAIPA,JIMANGZHAOBIANQUEZHENZHI。BIANQUEANLEMAI,CONGFANGLICHULAI。YOURENWEISUIZHETANWENBINGQING,XIANDEHENJIAOJI。BIANQUECHENJINGDIDUITASHUO﹕“BINGRENDEMAIBOZHAOCHANGTIAODONG,NIMENBUBIDAJINGXIAOGUAI!BUCHUSANRI,TAJIUHUISUXING。”GUORAN,GUOLELIANGTIANBAN,ZHAOJIANZIJIUXINGGUOLAILE。GUER,ZHUNQUEDIYONGQIEMAIZHENBINGSHIYOUBIANQUESHOUCHUANGDE。

起死回生

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讳疾忌医

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球探体育 QIHUANHOUGANDAOQIGUAI,JIUPAIRENQUZHUIWEN。BIANQUESHUO:“BINGZAIFUBIAO,YONGTANGYUNKEYIZHIHAO;BINGJINRUXUEMAI,YONGZHENJIUKEYIZHIHAO;BINGDAOLECHANGWEI,YONGJIUJIYENENGZHIYU。RUJINQIHUANHOUDEBINGYIJINGSHENRUGUSUI,ZAIYEMEIFAZHILE,WOZHIHAODUOKAI,BUZAIQUANTAZHILE。”WUTIANHOU,QIHUANHOUGUORANBINGZHONG,PAIRENQINGBIANQUELAIZHI,BIANQUEZAOYITAOLIQIGUO,ERQIHUANHOUYINWULEZHIBINGSHIJI,BUJIUYEJIUSILE。

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奠定传统医学诊断法基础

球探体育 XIYIYI“XIAOMIEBINGZHENG”WEIZHIBINGSHOUDUAN,QIZHANGCHUSHIZHILIAOWEILIQIANGDA,BUZHITINEIGEQIGUANDOUKEYONGRENGONGQIGUAN“QUERDAIZHI”,ZAIXIAODEBINGDU、AIXIBAODOUKESHIZHIXIANXINGBINGBUSHAZHI,ZHEIXIEZHONGYIZUOBUDAO。RANER,MIANDUIYOUYUSHENTIJUBUXINGHUOQUANMIANXINGDEYINYANGBUPINGHENGZAOCHENGDEJIBING,PIRUGEZHONGMANXINGBING,XIYIQUEYICHOUMOZHAN。ZHEIZHENGSHIYINWEIXIYIYI“XIAOMIE”WEIZHIBINGDEZHUZHOU,ERMANXINGBINGQUEBINGBUCUNZAI“XIAOMIE”DEDUIXIANG。ZHONGYIRENWEIRENTISHIYIGEFUZAYOUJITI,MEIGEQIGUANBINGFEIGULICUNZAI,ERSHIXIANGHUZHIYUANYOUGONGYONGSHENTINENGLIANG,SUOYICUNZAIJITONGYIYOUDUILIDEHUSHENGHUKEDEDAXITONG。

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球探体育 BIANQUEDIANDINGLECHUANTONGYIXUEZHENDUANFADEJICHU。TAZAILINCHUANGSHANGYIJINGZONGHEYUNYONGLEZHONGGUOZHENBINGQIEMAI、WANGSE、TINGSHENG、XIEXINGDE“SIZHEN”YUANZE,YEJIUSHIWOMENSHUZHIDEWANG、WEN、WEN、QIE。SHANGSHUBINGLIZHONGJIUFANYINGLEQIZHONGWANG、QIELIANGGEYUANZE。SIMAQIANSHUO:“ZHIJINTIANXIAYANMAIZHE,YOUBIANQUEYE。”JIULIANHANDAIZHUMINGDEYIXUEJIAZHANGZHONGJINGYECHENGZANTADAO:“YUMEILANYUERENRUGUOZHIZHEN,WANGQIHOUZHISE,WEICHANGBUKAIRANTANQICAIXIUYE。”

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