球探体育

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关羽其人其事

球探体育 FABUSHIJIAN:2019-09-03 09:02 | FANGWENCISHU:1192

站长推荐

关羽(字云长)为三国时期蜀汉名将,由于在明万曆神宗时,被册封为关圣帝君,故在民间常被称为关帝,相信在中国无人不识,在农村及城市的任何角落,均会见到祂的神像或供奉祂的庙宇。有关祂的经书、善书、小说、戏剧,或是专门研究祂的专书等,林林总总,多不胜数。然而,这些每每都是专注于关帝的某一个范畴,除了对关帝极有兴趣,或需要做学术研究的人外,普罗大众是少有渠道去全面性地了解关羽这个历史人物,遑论这个人物为何今天在全国受到供奉的原因和信仰的发展过程。

武圣关公铜雕像

武圣关公铜雕像

GUANYU,ZIYUNZHANG,SHENGYUHEDONGJIEXIAN,JIJINSHANXISHENGYUNCHENGXIANJIEZHOUZHENZHICHANGPINGCUN,CONGXIAOLIANJIULEYISHENHAOWUYI。DONGHANZHONGPINGYUANNIAN,JIGONGYUAN184NIAN,GUANYUSHALEDANGDIEBA,BEIPOLIXIANGLIULIZAIWAI。WUNIANHOU,ZAIZHUOXIANOUYUZHANGFEI,LIANGRENBIWU,JIYIXIANGDANG,QIAYOUYUDAOLIUBEI,SANRENYANTANTOUQI,SUIXIANGYUEZAIZHANGFEIWUHOUDETAOYUAN,JIEWEIYIXINGXIONGDI。

黄铜关公像

黄铜关公像

桃园结义

ZAIJIEBAIDESHIYANZHONG,SANRENFASHI“BUQIUTONGNIANTONGYUESHENG,DANYUANTONGNIANTONGYUESI”,ZHEIJIUSHILISHISHANGYOUMINGDE“TAOYUANSANJIEYI”,SHIWEIGONGYUAN189NIAN。SANRENZHONGLIUBEINIANJIZUIZHANG,GUWEIDAGE,GUANYUCIZHI,WEIERGE,RIHOURENCHENG“GUANERGE”,ZHANGFEIZUINIANQING,WEISANDI。CISHIGUANYUYUEERSHIQISUI。ZHIHOUSANSHIYINIANJIAN,GUANYUFUZHULIUBEIZHONGXINGHANSHI,LVJIANZHANGONG,SHENGMINGWEIZHENHUAXIA。

LIUGUANZHANGJIEYIHOU,JIUJILEYIPIDIFANGWUZHUANGLILIANG,CANJIAZHENYADANGSHIYOUQIYINONGMINZUCHENGDEHUANGJINJUN,QIXINGZHILEISIXIANJINDEDIFANGMINBING,SHIDANGSHISHILIZUIRUODEJUNFA。YOUYULIUBEISHIHANJINGDIZIJIZHONGSHANJINGWANGLIUSHENGZHIHOUREN,GUMINGYISHANGKETANGTANGZHENGZHENGDAZHEFUCHIHANSHIDEQIHAO。SHISHISHANG,ZHONGSHANJINGWANGGONGYOUYIBAIERSHIDUOGEERZI,KENENGSHIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGHUANGSHIZHONGSHENGZIZUIDUODEREN,DANSANBAIDUONIANHOUDAOLELIUBEIZHEIYIDAI,ZHEIHUANGSHIZHIXIDEHOURENYIJINGBAILUOSHUAITUI,SHENZHIYIDAOLETIRENZHIXIMAIXIEWEISHENGDEDIBU,GENBENWUZIGEYUDANGSHIPANJUGEZHOUDEDAJUNFAXIANGBI,LIUBEIYICHANGBEIDIRENJIFENGWEI“MAIJIXIAOZI”。

刘备建军初期,限于实力,又没有根据地,只能投靠别人,曾先后听命于公孙瓒、陶谦、曹操、袁绍等大军阀,为他人作球探体育前卒,始终没有独当一面的机会,控制的只不过是徐州一两个城池。这段时期,他们屡战屡败,颠沛流离,毫无战功可言,且立场常变,与各军阀时友时敌。

温酒斩华雄

球探体育 GUANYUZAILIUBEIJIANJUNCHUQIYIXIANCHUTADEYONGMENGBUFAN。GONGYUAN191NIAN,CAOCAOZHAOJISHIBALUZHUHOUDEJUNDUITAOFADONGZHUO,ZHONGZHUHOUBINGTUIJUSHILIZUIQIANGDEYUANSHAOWEIMENGZHU,SHUANGFANGDUIZHANYUSISHUIGUAN。DANGNIANDEGUANYUJINSHILIUBEISHOUXIADEMAGONGSHOU,DONGZHUOBUJIANGHUAXIONGLIANZHANSHUJIANGHOU,GUANYUQINGYINGCHUZHAN,CAOCAOJINGJIUYISHIGULI。GUANYUXIANBUYINJIU,SUIJIZOUCHUYINGZHANG,TIDAOFEISHENSHANGMA,SHUNJIANBIANTIZHEHUAXIONGDETOUZHIYUDISHANG,ERBEIZHONGDEJIUSHANGWEN,ZHEIBIANSHI“WENJIUZHANHUAXIONG”DEGUSHI,DANGSHIGUANYUERSHIJIUSUI。

WANGHOUJINIAN,GELUJUNFAZHENGZHANBUXIU,ZUIHOUZHISHENGXIACAOCAOYUYUANSHAODESHILIWEIZUIDA,SHUANGFANGJUEZHANPOZAIMEIJIE。CAOCAOYUYUANSHAOJUEZHANQIAN,CENGYULIUBEIJIAOHAO,CAOCAODUILIUBEISHUO:“DANGJINTIANXIAYINGXIONGZHIYOUNIHEWO,YUANSHAOSUANBULESHENMO!”ZHEISHILIANGRENGUANXIKEYICHENGDESHANGSHIFENMIQIE,CHUZETONGCHE,ZUOZETONGXI。HOULAILIUBEIYUCAOCAONAOFAN,LIKAIHOUZAIQUXUZHOU。

夜读春秋

球探体育 JIANANWUNIAN,JIGONGYUAN200NIANNIANCHU,CAOCAOXIEHANCHAOTIANZIZHIMING,FENBINGWULUJINGONGXUZHOU,LIUBEIZHANBAI,YUZHANGFEISHISAN,GUANYUBEIKUNXIAPI(YINBI)。CAOCAOSHUXIADAJIANGZHANGLIAOXIANGGUANYUQUANJIANG,GUANYUTONGYI,DANTICHUSANGETIAOJIAN:YIWEIBUTOUJIANGYUCAOCAO,ZHIJIANGHANSHI;ERWEIJIYULIUBEILIANGWEIFURENFENGLUSHANYANG;ZUIHOU,RUODEZHILIUBEIQUXIANG,DANGKEJISHICIGUANZHUISUILIUBEI。CAOCAOYIYIYINGYUN,FENGTAWEIPIANJIANGJUNWAI,BINGCIYUHOULIFENGLU。DANGUANYUDUICAOCAODEJINQIAN、MEINVHESHANDAIHAOBUDONGXIN,WEIDUSHICAOCAOSUOZENGDECHITUMA,GUANYUQUEXINRANJIESHOU,YUANYINSHICIMANENGRIXINGQIANLI,RUOZHILIUBEISUOZAI,BIANKECEQISHANGLU。CAOCAOZHIXI,SUIRANXINYOUBUMAN,DANDUIGUANYUDEZHONGXINGENGGENGBUDEBUFU。

球探体育 GUANYUTOUJIANGHOU,YUYIZHANXIUXISHI,CAOCAOXIANGDALUANGUANYUJUNCHENZHILI,KEYIANPAIGUANYUYUYISAOGONGCHUYISHI,BINGJIANSHAOGONGYINGLAZHU。DANGUANYUCHIZHUYUSHIWAI,YEDU《CHUNQIU》,TONGXIAODADANHAOWUJUANRONG,JINSHOULIJIE。

CAOCAOYIZAOYICHAJUEGUANYUWUYIJIULIU,BIANMINGDAJIANGZHANGLIAOTANWEN。GUANYUDUIZHANGLIAOSHUO:“WOZHIDAOCAOGONGDAIWOHENHAO,DANWOSHOULELIUHUANGSHUDEHOUEN,SHISIXIANGSUI,BUKEBEIQI。WOZUIZHONGDOUBUHUILIUYUCIDI,DANRIHOUYOUJIHUI,BIDINGBAODACAOGONG。”

TONGNIAN,YUANSHAOLVLINGSHIWANDAJUNGONGDACAOCAO,YUANJUNDAJIANGYANLIANGDUGUOHUANGHEJINGONGBAIMA。CAOCAOJIANXINGSHIWEIJI,SUIMINGLINGZHANGLIAOJIGUANYUWEIXIANFENGDIDANGYUANJUN,GUANYUBUFUCAOCAOSUOTUO,ZAIWANJUNZHONG“ZHANYANLIANG,ZHUWENCHOU”,ERZHEJUNWEIYUANSHAOJUNZHONGZHUJIANG。

千里送嫂

SUIHOU,GUANYUDEZHILIUBEIZAIYUANSHAOJUNZHONG,BIANXIANGCAOCAOCIXING。YOUYUCAOCAOBIERBUJIAN,GUANYUPOBUDEYI,JIANGCAOCAOSUOKUIZENGZHIJINYINBUBODENGQUANBULIUXIA,FENHAOBUDAI,HAIFUSHANGYIBENZHANGCE,YIZHAO“YUAN、SHOU、CHU、CUN”SIXIANGYUANZE,BAZHANGMUJIZAIDEQINGQINGCHUCHU,ZHUANJIAOCAOCAO,ZHEIJIUSHI“FENGJINGUAYIN”DEGUSHI。GUANYUYOUXIEXINYIFENGXIANGCAOCAOCIXIE,SUIJILVLINGJIURIBUZHONG,“QIANLISONGSAO”QIANWANGHEBEIZHAOXUNYIXIONG,GUOCHENGZHONG“GUOWUGUAN、ZHANLIUJIANG”,ZUIHOUYULIUBEIHEZHANGFEIZAIGUCHENGHUIHE。

TONGNIANXIATIAN,YUANSHAOYISHIBIYIDEBINGLIYOUSHI,RENGRANBEICAOCAODABAI,SHICHENG“GUANDUZHIZHAN”。ZHIHOUJINIANZHENGZHAN,CAOCAOYICHENGGONGTUNBINGYUANSHAOQUANBUBANTUJIYOUZHOU,BEIFANGJIBENSHANGYITONGYI,CAOCAOCHENGWEIQUANGUOZUIDADEGEJUZHE;JIASHANGCAOCAOXIETIANZIYILINGZHUHOU,JIEHANCHAOHUANGDIDEMINGYIHAOLINGQITAJUNFA,ZHENGZHISHANGGENGQUDEMINGXIANDEYOUSHI。

相反,刘备在袁绍战败后,已再无立足之地,只得投靠荆州的刘表,带领着自己的小部队在新野驻扎。公元207年,经徐庶推荐,刘备“三顾草庐”拜访诸葛亮,谈话中,诸葛亮详细分析当前群雄割据的形势,提出天下三分的“隆中对策”,使刘备钦佩不已。

GONGYUAN208NIAN,CAOCAODAJUNNANZHENGJINGZHOU,SHIFENGJINGZHOUJUNFALIUBIAOBINGSHI,JIRENDEERZILIUCONGXIANGCAOCAOTOUJIANG,DANTOUJIANGQIANBINGWUTONGZHILIUBEI。BUYUANTOUJIANGDELIUBEI,BINGSHAOSHIGU,ZHIHAOCANGCUHOUCHE,ZAIYIBAIZAIBAIDEQINGKUANGXIA,TUIDAOXIAKOU,CAOCAODEYISHUNLIJIEGUANJINGZHOU。

华容道义释曹操

曹操满以为就此可以统一南北,怎料在赤壁一战中,曹操被刘备和孙权的联军打败,狼狈地向中原撤退。诸葛亮派关羽往华容道埋伏,一如预计,曹操战败后和剩下来的数十随从途经此地。曹操恳求关羽念及昔日相待之情,结果关羽不顾违抗军令状,在“华容道义释曹操”,等同放虎归山,形成日后三国立之势,这年关羽四十六岁。

CHIBIZHIZHANZHONGSUNLIULIANMENG,QISHISHIBEICAOCAODAJUNNANZHENGSUOPOCHENG,SHUANGFANGGENBENQUEFAZHANGYUANHEZUOJICHU,QIEGEYOUXIANGFA。CHIBIZHIZHANHOU,LIUBEIZHUAJINSHIJIXIANGNANFAZHAN,QUDEJINGZHOUNANBUDEWULING、ZHANGSHA、GUIYANGHELINGLINGSIJUN,ZAIGONGYUAN211NIANZAIQUDEYIZHOU。

YOUYUSUNQUANCENGJIECHUJIANGLINGZHULIUBEIQUDEYIZHOU,YINERYAOQIULIUBEIJIAOCHUJINGZHOUZUOWEIJIECHUDAIJIA,XIRIMENGYOUYINLIYIFENPEIWENTITANBULONG,DAZHANYICHUJIFA。JIEGUODONGWUDELUSUSHEYAN,YAOQINGGUANYUGUOJIANGDAOLUKOUZHAITANPAN,GUANYUZHIXIEZHOUCANGYIREN“DANDAOFUHUI”,JISHIDUIFANGMAIXIAFUBING,GUANYURENGNENGANRANERTUI。

水淹七军 

SUNLIUHETAN,ZUIHOUGEFENJINGZHOUSANJUN,ZHEISHILIUBEIKEYITENGCHUJUNLIYUCAOJUNJIUCHAN,JIERZAIGONGYUAN218NIANZHANLINGHANZHONG,CISHILIUGUANZHANGJITUANSHILIDADAODINGFENG。

球探体育 WEIYUCAOCAOZHENGDUOHANZHONG,LIUBEIYIDIAODONGSUOYOUZHULIBUDUI。GUANYULIUSHOUJINGZHOUDEBINGLIZHIBUGUOSHIPIANSHI,SHIZAIBUZUYITONGSHIWEISHEDONGWUHECAOCAODELIANJUN。

JIANANERSHISINIAN,JIGONGYUAN219NIAN,GUANYUJINGONGFANCHENG,CAOCAOPAIPANGDE、YUJINDAILINGQIZHIJINGRUIBUDUIYINGJIU,JIEGUOGUANYULIYONGDIXINGJUEJIANGFANGSHUIDABAICAOJUN,ZHEIJIUSHIXIAOSHUOZHONGZHUMINGDE“SHUIYANQIJUN”。JUELEFANCHENGDEWAIYUANHOU,GUANYUXIAYIBUBIANSHIXIANGFANCHENGDAJUJINGONG。CISHIGUANYUYINGMINGWEIZHENHUAXIA,CAOCAOSHENZHIKAOLVGUOYAOQIANLIXUCHANGYIBIKAILAISHIXIONGXIONGDEGUANYU。

刮骨疗毒

ZAIFANCHENGGONGFANGZHANZHONG,GUANYUZHONGLEDUJIAN,XINGDEMINGYIHUATUOXIANGZHU,WEIGUANYUGEKAIPIROU,YONGDAOGUAGU,XIXIZUOXIANG,ZAIPANGZHONGRENWEIZHIDANHAN,GUANYUQUEZAIHEJIU、XIAQI,WANQUANMEIYOUTONGKUDEBIAOQINGYANGZI,CIWEI“GUAGULIAODU”DEGUSHI。

从容就义 

GONGYUAN220NIAN,CAOCAOPAIDAJIANGXUHUANGZENGYUANFANCHENG,DONGWULVMENGZEPEIHETOUXIJIANGLING。GUANYUZAIFUBEISHOUDIXIA,QUANJUNFUMEI。GUANYUBEIQINHOU,SUNQUANTONGYANGYUANYIJIYUYOUHOUDETIAOJIANYOUJIANG,DANGUANYUHAOBUKAOLVBIANYUYIJUJUE,NINGYUANBEICHUSI,ZUIHOUYUDANGYANGCONGJIUYI。GUANYUSISHIWUSHIBASUI,GANGHAOSHITAOYUANJIEYISANSHIYINIANHOUDESHI。

SISHIYINIANHOU,SHUHOUZHU(JILIUBEIZHIZI)JINGYAOSANNIAN,JIGONGYUAN260NIAN,ZHUIFENGGUANYUWEI“ZHUANGMOUHOU”。

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