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建水文庙的清代铜鼎炉

FABUSHIJIAN:2019-07-13 15:55 | FANGWENCISHU:1037

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云南建水县文庙,即建水孔庙,规模宏大,是云南省最大的文庙,在全国,是仅次于山东曲阜孔庙的第二大孔庙,2001年6月,被国务院定为第五批全国重点文物保护单位。文庙的主殿称之为“先师庙”,殿前月台上有一座清代大型铜鼎炉。

慈云寺铜香炉

慈云寺铜香炉

该炉为四足两耳长方形炉,通高为2.8m,炉身的长度为1.3m,宽度为0.9m,铸于清朝乾隆五十七年(1792年)。铜鼎炉的形制较大,而且,有很多与一般鼎炉不同的特点:

海印堂铜香炉

海印堂铜香炉

1)鼎炉的四个鼎足上,没有铸常见的“狻貌”兽首形象,而是铸成象头的形象,其卷曲的象鼻朝下支在基座之上,就成为鼎足。这一特点象征着建水这一带地方,在古代曾是大象的故乡。

2)鼎炉的中部是四根铜柱,每个柱上都盘绕着几条大小不一的游,精巧玲珑,腾跃自若。其雕塑艺术和铸造工艺都有很高的水平。

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